|Title||OFF-RESONANCE BINOMIAL COMPOSITE PULSES IN 2D AND 3D FAT WATER IMAGING AT 0.5 T|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1995|
|Authors||Zhu, XP, Hutchinson CE, Chilvers PB, Morris GA, Hawnaur JM, Taylor CJ|
|Journal||British Journal of Radiology|
A new method of acquiring two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) fat/water decomposed images on a 0.5 T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging system is described. The method uses a gradient-recalled echo (GRE) sequence incorporating a composite 1(2) over bar1$ pulse, originally used for magnetization transfer contrast (MTC) experiments, for frequency-selective pre-saturation. By applying the 1(2) over bar1$ pulse off resonance, a sharp discrimination between the chemically shifted water and fat signals may be obtained using a composite pulse as short as 4 ms. Phantom studies demonstrate that suppression ratios as high as 50:1 are achievable. The new method has been applied to volunteers and patients, and good fat/water images of limb, abdomen, head and neck obtained. The new method can be incorporated into other pulse sequences related to GRE, such as phase contrast (PC) and time-of-flight (TOF), and represents the first practical (i.e. rapid) method for 3D fat/water imaging at an operating held as low as 0.5 T.